Diwali Festival of India



The word “DIWALI” was originated from the words “diya” and “oli”. If we combine these two words “diya” and “oli”, “Diwali” word will be formed. “Oli” means light in Tamil. And “diya” means a small container in the shape of a water drop. In those days, these diyas were available only in round shape and also these diyas were made using only mud and clay. But, nowadays, these diyas are available in lots of various shapes and sizes viz. in round shape, in oval shape and also in heart shape. And also these diyas are available in porcelain. Diwali is known as the festival of lights because we use these diyas to light up the house. These diyas are illuminated in the evening time i.e. at 6 P.M. in the evening on the day of Diwali. The Origin of this Diwali festival dates way back in the history. It is believed that Lord Shree Krishna killed a demon named “Narakasur”. And also it is believed that at the time of killing Narakasur, he made a request to Lord Shree Krishna that I know that you are going to kill me today Lord but, after I die, I want this day to be celebrated as “Diwali” and the people should be very happy when I die. Lord Shree Krishna accepted his request and from that day onwards, the people lit up the lights at their home and fired crackers. This is to signify that the good has won over evil. And also the light has defeated the darkness which was prevailing in the country. On this auspicious day, in Tamil Nadu, the people will get up early in the morning and they will take some gingely oil and pour it in a bowl and they will mix some turmeric powder and then, they will heat this mixture a little bit until it gets warm. After it becomes warm, they will pour little bit of oil in their palm and they will rub it on to their head.  After rubbing this mixture on the head, they will wait for one hour. They are waiting for one hour because the mixture should penetrate deeply into the scalp. This is done in order to purify the scalp. The mixture which we apply, has turmeric, so, even if we have some small insects in our head, this turmeric will kill those insects because it has antiseptic property. After applying the mixture on our head, the elderly family members in our house will apply small amount of kumkum and turmeric on our forehead and also they will put a small strip of jasmine flower around the neck. After that the individual should wait for some time say for half an hour or so. In the meantime the individual should offer his new dress which he has bought from the shop to God. On that new dress we have to apply a little bit of kumkum and turmeric on the collar of the shirt and offer this new dress to God. After half an hour or so, the individual must take head bath. After taking head bath, the individual should come with the wet towel and pray to God that this day should be a wonderful day for everyone in this house. After praying to God, the individual should were his new dress and go out of the house and fire the crackers. And after firing the crackers, the individual will spend some quality time with his friends and family members.


How it is celebrated?

In Tamil Nadu, the people will go to their respective native land and they will spend some quality time with their family members like talking with their Grandfather, Grandmother, brothers, sisters, Maternal uncle and aunt, Paternal uncle and aunt. They will share their life experiences with us. They will fire crackers. They will also distribute sweets which is prepared in home. In villages, they will go to village fairs with their friends and family members. They will light up the house with diyas. They will also watch television in their home for some time pass. They will also go to movie theatre if some new movie has got released on that day. And also, if they want to buy some new clothes also, they will go to the shop with all the family members and they will buy new clothes for each and every one in the family. They will have some quality time with their friends and family members. This is an occasion in where we can see our friends and family members. And also we can have fun with them by cracking jokes with them. On that day, it will seem like we are in a joint family. It gives us a break from the monotonous work pressure and work hassles. It will refresh our mind. It will give us some sort of strength and motivation for us. We will also be very happy with them. We can also enrich our knowledge by hearing to their life experiences which they share with us. We can also gather knowledge and also improve our knowledge by talking with them. We can also acquire lots of information while talking with them. They will prepare some sweets and savories at their home itself. In Diwali time, they will prepare one sweet named “SUGUNTA”. It is prepared with dosa batter, Jaggery powder, sesame. First we have to make round balls with jaggery powder and keep it aside. Afterwards, we have to take one frying pan and keep it on the gas stove and then, we have to pour some gingely oil into the frying pan and we have to wait for some time until the oil gets heated. When the oil gets warm, we have to take one jaggery ball and dip that jaggery ball inside the dosa batter and we have to mix that jaggery ball nicely with dosa batter as if not even a single drop of jaggery is seen outside of the dosa batter. After that we have to drop that jaggery ball which is dipped in the dosa batter into the frying pan. This process continues until the jaggery is finished or the dosa batter gets finished, or whichever is earlier. After that, they will offer that “sugunta” i.e. those jaggery balls to God. And after that they will eat those “sugunta” i.e. jaggery balls. This “sugunta” is a Telugu word. They will distribute this “sugunta” to their friends and family members and share their happiness and joy with them. It is a custom and tradition in south that on Diwali, they should definitely do some dish using gingely oil. So that, mostly everyone in Tamil Nadu will prepare some sort of dish using gingely oil like muruku, seedai, athirasam etc. They will also give these prepared items to their friends and family members when they visit their house on Diwali. This makes us the most fun and memorable moment in our life.